广东中鉴权威鉴定-光绪通宝(错版)
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2019/9/14 10:44:17
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广东中鉴权威鉴定-光绪通宝(错版)
光绪十三年(1887)年正月,时任两广总督的张之洞奏准设立广东钱局后改为广东造币厂,以机器造币,光绪十五年(1889)年二月建成竣工,四月开始试铸机制方孔铜钱“光绪通宝”,背书“库平一钱”、满文,钱重如文,并于同年八月正式发行流通,这便是我国的第一种机制方孔铜钱。后来,由于制钱亏折,该厂获准制造钱重为八分的“光绪通宝”机制方孔铜钱,背为满文“宝广”二字,发行后与市面旧钱及前造“库平一钱”同时行用。




此两枚一组光绪通宝铜币,其中一枚为错版币(穿孔错位),其形状外发天,内地法,内方外圆,取义精宏。其色泽光鲜自然、纹饰深浅适度、外型美观、品相好。钱币正面文字以楷书书写,其字从上而下而右而左直读“光绪通宝”。钱背两枚有所不同,一枚方孔上下铸汉文“平库一钱”,左右铸满、汉文“广”;另一枚方孔左右铸满文“宝广”。整组钱币钱文、轮廓清晰可看,字体端庄秀丽,品相完好,属于古钱中的美品,具有很高的历史价值、艺术价值和收藏价值。




光绪通宝是我国在造币史上第一次引进外国的造币方法铸造而成的行用钱。采用的是外圆方孔的造型,以楷体按照上下右左的方向刻着“光绪通宝”的字样。据悉,光绪通宝的文字多是楷书,当然,也有少部分的铸币局采用的是篆书。其书法体现了咸丰的楷书风格,刚柔并济,甚至被人们认为这些书法是超过了康乾盛世。



In the first month of Guangxu's thirteenth year (1887), Zhang Zhidong, then governor of Guangzhou and Guangzhou, set up the Guangdong Money Bureau and changed it to the Guangdong Mint. The machine coinage was completed in February of Guangxu's fifteenth year (1889). In April, the trial-casting machine Fangkong copper coin "Guangxu Tongbao" was started, and the endorsement of "Kuping one coin", Manchu, and the coin was as heavy as paper, and in the same year. In August, it was officially issued and circulated, which was the first mechanism of square hole copper coin in our country. Later, due to the loss of money, the factory was allowed to produce eight-point "Guangxu Tongbao" mechanism, Fangkong copper coin, with the word "Baoguang" in Manchu, which was used in conjunction with the old money on the market and the former "Kuping one coin".



These two sets of Tongbao copper coins in Guangxu, one of which is a wrong version of the coin (perforated dislocation), the shape of which is outside the sky, inland law, inside and outside the circle, the meaning is exquisite. It has natural luster, moderate decorative depth, beautiful appearance and good taste. The front of the coin is written in regular script. Its characters are read directly from top to bottom, right to left. The back of the money is different from the back of the money. One square hole cast Chinese "Pingku Yiqian", left and right cast Manchu and Chinese "Guang". The other square hole cast Manchu "Baoguang". The whole set of coins, with clear outlines, elegant fonts and good taste, belongs to the beauty of ancient coins, and has high historical value, artistic value and collection value.

Guangxu Tongbao is the first commercial money minted by introducing foreign coinage methods in the history of coinage in China. It adopts the shape of a square hole with an outer circle, and inscribes the word "Guangxu Tongbao" in italics according to the direction of upper, lower, right and left. It is reported that most of the characters of Guangxu Tongbao are regular scripts, of course, a small part of the Mint Bureau uses seal scripts. Its calligraphy embodies Xianfeng's regular script style, with both rigidity and softness. It is even thought that these calligraphy surpassed the prosperity of the Kangxi and Qianlong Dynasties.


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[gdzj668 于 2019/9/14 10:45:59 编辑过]